What is Pure CSS
In this approach, the HTML markup contains only the content and structure of the page, while CSS is used to style the content and layout. This allows for a clean separation of presentation and content, making it easier to maintain and modify the design of a website.
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is a language used to define the visual style and layout of web pages. It specifies how HTML elements should be displayed, including font size, color, spacing, and positioning properties.
Some advantages of pure CSS include faster loading times, improved accessibility, and better search engine optimization (SEO). However, creating complex layouts or interactive features using only CSS can also be more challenging and may require more advanced knowledge of the language.
Using pure CSS can result in faster page load times and improved accessibility because there are no external resources or scripts to execute.
Pure CSS can also make maintaining and updating a website’s design easier. Changes can be created simply by modifying the CSS code without affecting the underlying HTML markup or functionality.
One of the key principles of pure CSS design is the separation of content and presentation. This means that the HTML markup should contain only the content and structure of the page, while the CSS code is used to define the visual style and layout.
Pure CSS layouts can be created using various techniques, including float-based layouts, flexbox, grid, and CSS positioning. Each method has advantages and disadvantages, depending on the specific requirements of the design.
While pure CSS can be a powerful tool for visually stunning web pages, it also requires a solid understanding of CSS and web design principles. Beginners may need help to create complex layouts or interactive features using only CSS.
In summary, pure CSS is a design approach that relies solely on CSS for visual presentation and layout and offers benefits such as faster loading times, improved accessibility, and easier maintenance and updates. Pure CSS emphasizes the importance of clean, efficient code and a focus on the separation of concerns between content and presentation. However, achieving complex designs may require advanced knowledge of CSS and web design principles.
Advantages of Pure CSS
One of the main advantages of using pure CSS is a more flexible approach to design. You can create a more unique and customized plan that suits your needs. The more flexible approach also means that you can more easily customize the design for each page, which can be useful if you have different types of content.
Another benefit of pure CSS is a lighter CSS file, which means faster page load times. When using a framework, you can include many unnecessary CSS files and scripts, which can slow down the page load time.
Here are some more advantages of using Pure CSS for web design:
- Faster load times: Pure CSS websites load faster because there are no external resources to pack, such as images or scripts. This results in a better visitor user experience and can improve search engine optimization (SEO).
- Better accessibility: Using semantic HTML to structure content and relying on CSS to style the page makes it easier to create websites accessible to all users, including those who use assistive technology.
- Easy maintenance: Because the HTML and CSS are separated, it’s easier to make updates and changes to the design without affecting the content. This can save time and make maintenance more efficient.
- Consistency: Pure CSS design ensures the visual style is consistent across all website pages. Using the same techniques throughout the site can help establish a brand identity and make the site easier to navigate.
- Responsive design: CSS offers a range of techniques for creating responsive layouts that adapt to different screen sizes. Using pure CSS, designers can develop strategies that look great on any device without relying on additional scripts or tools.
- Compatibility: Pure CSS is supported by all modern web browsers, so there is no need to worry about compatibility issues with older browsers or non-standard technologies.
Disadvantages of Pure CSS
One of the disadvantages of using pure CSS is that it takes more time to create a design, especially if you have yet to gain experience with CSS. This can be tricky, especially if you want to create a modern, beautiful design that aligns with the latest web design trends.
Another disadvantage of pure CSS is that it can be easier to create modern designs with additional tools. Some features, such as animations, can only develop with a framework or library.
While CSS is a powerful tool for styling web pages, there are some more disadvantages of using pure CSS:
- Limited Layout Control: CSS is primarily a styling language, not a layout language. It cannot be easy to achieve complex layouts using pure CSS, especially when creating responsive designs.
- Browser Compatibility: Different browsers interpret CSS rules differently, which can result in inconsistencies in the appearance of web pages. This can make it challenging to ensure that a website looks the same across all devices and browsers.
- Code Complexity: CSS code can quickly become complex, especially when dealing with large, complex websites. This can make it difficult to manage and maintain the codebase over time.
- Accessibility Issues: When relying solely on CSS to style a website, it can be difficult to ensure the site is accessible to all users, including those with visual impairments or other disabilities. This is because CSS is not designed to provide semantic information about a website’s content.
Pure CSS approaches
CSS Grid is a powerful layout system that allows designers to create complex, responsive layouts using a grid of columns and rows. With CSS Grid, designers have a high level of control over the structure without relying on additional markup or frameworks. With its flexibility, browser support, and ability to create responsive designs, CSS Grid is becoming an increasingly popular choice for web designers. Here are some key features and benefits of CSS Grid:
- Grid container and items: CSS Grid defines a grid container and its grid items. The container is the element that serves as the grid parent, while the things are the child elements arranged within the grid.
- Rows and columns: CSS Grid uses a system of rows and columns to create the grid. Rows are defined by setting the height of the grid container, while columns are defined by setting the grid container’s width.
- Grid lines and tracks: Grid lines define the boundaries of each row and column, while grid tracks are the spaces between the grid lines. Together, grid lines and tracks form the grid itself.
- Flexibility: One of the main benefits of CSS Grid is its flexibility. Designers can easily adjust the size and position of grid items and the size and spacing of rows and columns to create complex responsive layouts.
- Responsive design: CSS Grid is well-suited for creating responsive designs, as it allows designers to define different grid layouts for different screen sizes and resolutions.
- Browser support: CSS Grid is supported by all major modern browsers, including Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge.
Flexbox is another layout system that allows for more efficient and flexible positioning and alignment of elements within a container. It is particularly useful for creating responsive designs that adapt to different screen sizes and resolutions.
Here are some key features and benefits of using Flexbox:
- Flex containers and items: With Flexbox, designers create a flex container with a set of flex items. The container controls how things are laid out and positioned within it.
- Flex direction: Flexbox offers several options for the order of the flex container, including row, column, row-reverse, and column-reverse. This allows designers to easily change the orientation of the layout as needed.
- Flex alignment: Flexbox offers several options for aligning flex items within the container, including center, start, end, and space-between. This allows designers to control the layout’s spacing and positioning of elements.
- Flex wrapping: Flexbox allows designers to control whether flex items should wrap to the next line when there isn’t enough space in the container.
- Responsive design: Flexbox is well-suited for creating responsive designs, as it allows designers to define different layouts for different screen sizes and resolutions.
- Browser support: Flexbox is supported by all major modern browsers, including Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge.
- Keyframes: CSS Animations define keyframes or specific points during the animation when a certain style is applied. Designers can create keyframes at various points in the spirit to control the appearance and behavior of elements on the page.
- Animation properties: CSS Animations offer a variety of properties that can be used to control the speed, duration, direction, and timing of the animation. These properties include animation duration, animation-timing function, animation delay, and animation iteration count.
- Ease of use: CSS Animations are relatively easy to implement, as they don’t require any programming knowledge beyond CSS. Designers can define the keyframes and animation properties in CSS and apply them to the elements they want to animate.
- Browser support: CSS Animations are supported by all major modern browsers, including Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge.
CSS Filters are visual effects that can be applied to images, videos, and other elements on a web page. They allow designers to manipulate the appearance of elements in various ways, such as adjusting the color, contrast, and brightness, applying blurs and shadows, and creating artistic effects. Here are some key features and benefits of using CSS Filters:
- Filter properties: CSS Filters offer a variety of filter properties that can be used to manipulate the appearance of elements. These properties include filter: blur, filter: brightness, filter: contrast, filter: grayscale, filter: hue-rotate, filter: invert, filter: opacity, filter: saturate, and filter: sepia.
- Ease of use: CSS Filters are relatively easy to implement, as they don’t require any programming knowledge beyond CSS. Designers can apply the filter properties to the elements they want to manipulate.
- Browser support: CSS Filters are supported by all major modern browsers, including Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge.
- Creative possibilities: CSS Filters offer designers a wide range of creative options, from subtle adjustments to dramatic artistic effects.
- Responsive Design is a design approach that aims to create web pages that respond and adapt to different screen sizes and devices. CSS is a key component of responsive design, as it allows designers to control the appearance and layout of elements on the page. Here are some key features and benefits of using CSS for responsive design:
- Media queries: CSS offers media queries, which allow designers to define different styles for different screen sizes and resolutions. This means the same web page can look different on a desktop computer, a tablet, and a smartphone, ensuring the page is optimized for each device.
- Flexbox and Grid: CSS offers powerful layout tools such as Flexbox and Grid, which allow designers to create complex and responsive layouts that adapt to different screen sizes and resolutions.
- Scalable units: CSS offers scalable units like em, rem, and the percentage that allow designers to create layouts and elements that scale proportionally to the screen size.
- Performance: CSS is lightweight and fast, meaning responsive designs built with CSS load quickly and perform well on various devices and screen sizes.
- Browser support: CSS is supported by all modern browsers, which means that responsive designs built with CSS are accessible to a wide audience.
Conclusion – why Pure CSS is vital at the moment
Pure CSS is vital at the moment because it offers a lightweight, performant, and accessible approach to web design that is well-suited to the needs of modern users and devices.
Pure CSS is a key component of responsive design, which is becoming increasingly important as more and more people access the web on mobile devices. Pure CSS allows designers to create responsive designs that adapt to different screen sizes and devices, ensuring the page is optimized for each user.